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英文写作范文:选择有用or有兴趣的课程

2017-07-05    来源:英文悦读    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

最近有同学提到一个问题:每次考场上写作文时间总是不够,来不及构思,写出来的句子也有很多语法错误,应该怎么办?

实际上,除非你天赋异禀,不然要在30到40分钟内写出一篇还算凑合的作文并不是一件容易的事情。对于刚开始练习考场作文的人来说,写一篇300词的作文花上两三个小时其实很正常(有时候甚至需要更长时间)。但好消息是,随着练习次数的增多,写一篇作文所需要的时间会越来越短。这是因为考场作文是一种相对模式化的写作方式,在练习的过程中我们会逐渐形成自己的“模板”(比如开头段应该怎么写,论点应该怎样展开,结尾段应该怎么写),不同题材的作文都可以用这个“模板”去套。同时,很多常见句式和词组也可以在不同题材的作文中“复用”,这也大大加快了我们的写作速度。

对于基础一般的同学来说,如果在考试前能够练习30到40篇作文,写作的速度和质量肯定会有一个很大的提升。刚开始练习的时候不要限时,不管是花三个小时还是三天,只要把作文写出来就行,但写完后要检查,确保作文里面没有语法错误,对于不确定的单词和用法要查词典,并且做总结,保证以后不重复犯错。写到第10篇左右,等速度上来后可以开始做限时训练。如果考场作文要求时间是40分钟,那平时练习可以将时间控制在35分钟,这样实际考试时才能游刃有余。

一句话总结:考场写作不能临时抱佛脚,平时大量练习就是最好的准备。

今天要分析的题目是:

Some people think that all university students should study whatever they like. Others believe that they should only be allowed to study subjects that will be useful in the future, such as those related to science and technology. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

这篇作文的重点在于讨论:

1)学生在大学阶段学习自己感兴趣课程的好处
2)学生在大学阶段只学习那些“有用”的课程(比如理工科)的好处
并且需要给出自己的观点和倾向。

学生在大学阶段学习自己感兴趣的课程,主要的好处是:
1)学生会有足够多的热情去学习这些课程,这使得他们更加容易取得好成绩,掌握专业技能,对以后的职业发展有利。

主要缺点是:

1)如果学生仅凭借自己的兴趣选择一些冷门专业,他们在毕业的时候可能比较难找到工作。

学生在大学阶段只学习那些“有用”的课程,好处是:
1)市场对这些专业的毕业生需求很大,学生毕业后比较容易找工作

主要缺点是:

1)一些学生对这些课程并不感兴趣,强制让他们选择这些课程可能会让他们产生厌学情绪,导致学习效率低下;
2)市场需求变化很快,一些在今天看起来“有用”的专业明天可能就过时了,学校的课程设置往往难以跟上市场和技术的变化;
3)强制让学生选择某几个专业还可能会造成市场上这几个领域人才饱和的现象。

在写作时同意两方观点中的任意一方都可以,言之有理即可。

这里给出我写的一个版本:


习作/魏剑峰

University-goers often have a hard time making their subject choices. While some suggest that students should have the freedom to study what they like, others argue that it is better to restrict them to science and technology studies. In my view, students should be allowed to pursue their unique and potentially diverse academic interests for the sake of their future development.

Giving young people the latitude to choose their degree courses, some argue, can improve their academic performance and advance their future careers. If students are able to choose majors that align with their interests, they will be more passionate about what they are taught in the lecture hall and will devote more time and energies to their studies. This enables them to achieve good grades and develop an area of specialization within their major that can better prepare them for employment.

The counter-argument, however, is that students should be restricted to subjects deemed useful by the job market. Today employers often place a premium on graduates in science majors, such as Computer Science, Software Engineering and Communications Technology, and young people enrolling in these courses can find it easier to land a good job and succeed in their careers. By contrast, those who follow their passion without considering job market characteristics may put themselves at a disadvantage when it comes to job-hunting. Therefore, universities should limit their students to subjects related to science and technology.

My view is that it is in students’ best interests to choose subjects in which they are interested. This can not only improve their academic performance but also enhance their employment prospects. Narrowing students’ choices would in effect do more harm than good as it could lead to an oversupply of graduates in certain fields, weakening their job competitiveness. It is therefore wiser to allow university students to make decisions on their own.



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