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惊见鲸鱼会说“你好”和“再见”

2018-02-05    来源:未知    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

This is What’s Trending Today…
这里是今日热点节目。

Wikie is a 14-year-old whale living in captivity in France.
维基是一只圈养在法国的14岁鲸鱼。

Wikie is an orca.
维基是一头虎鲸。

Orcas are extremely smart, making them dangerous to their prey.
虎鲸非常聪明,所以对于猎物来说,它们非常危险。
 



Orcas are also called “killer whales.”
虎鲸又被称作“杀人鲸”。

Their intelligence makes them easy for humans to train.
它们的聪明使得它们非常容易接受人类训练。

Many captive orcas perform tricks for audiences at marine parks.
许多圈养的虎鲸都可以在海岸公园表扬把戏娱乐观众。

And, as it turns out, orcas can even be trained to “speak” using human language.
而且,据证明虎鲸接受训练后甚至可以说人类语言。

An group of international researchers said this week they taught Wikie to repeat human words.
一组国际研究者称这周他们教会了维基重复人类语言。

They taught her to mimic words like “hello,” “bye bye” and the name “Amy.”
他们教维基模仿像是“你好”、“再见”和人名“艾米”这样的话。

She also repeated numbers as well as sounds made by the researchers.
维基还能重复研究者教授的数字和声音。

Wikie was a quick learner; she was able to mimic a word or sound after just 10 tries.
维基学习速度非常快,10次尝试之后她就能模仿一个词或声音。

The news made Wikie a trending topic on social media.
这个消息使维基成为社交媒体热门话题。

In the wild, orcas live in groups of whales called pods.
在自然环境下,虎鲸生活在鲸鱼群中。

Each pod uses different sounds and calls to communicate with each other.
鲸群间使用不同的声音和呼叫声进行交流。

Scientists already knew that orcas were able to learn new whale “dialects.”
科学家已经知道虎鲸能够学习新的鲸鱼“方言”。

One orca even learned to communicate with a dolphin while living with it in captivity.
虎鲸甚至能学会和圈养在一起的海豚交流。

Although Wikie is able to mimic human words and sounds, that does not mean she can understand them.
虽然维基可以模仿人类语言和声音,但是这并不代表她可以理解这些话。

Josep Call is a professor of evolutionary origins of mind at the University of St.Andrews in Scotland.
约塞·卡尔是苏格兰圣安德鲁斯大学思维进化起源方面的教授。

He is the co-author of the study.
他是这个研究的合作作者。

He told The Guardian this week that there is no evidence that Wikie understands what ‘hello’ stands for.
他告诉《卫报》说,现在没有证据证明维基可以明白“你好”所代表的含义。

But the orca’s ability is, in Call’s words, “impressive -- even though the morphology [of orcas] is so different,
但是虎鲸的能力,用卡尔的话说就是,“十分引人瞩目——即使构词法如此的不同,

they can still produce a sound that comes close to what another species, in this case us, can produce.”
他们也能发出与另一物种极其相似的声音。此事例中指我们人类的声音。”

The study was published in the journal Royal Society B: Biological Sciences.
该研究发表在《皇家学会学报B版:生物科学》期刊上。

And that’s What’s Trending Today.
以上就是本期今日热点的全部内容。

I’m Ashley Thompson.
阿什利·汤姆森为您播报。



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